What is JBOD?

JBOD, which stands for just a bunch of disks, is a type of multilevel configuration for disks. It refers to a collection of disks in a computer system or array combined as one logical volume.

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JBOD is used by organizations that need an efficient on-premises storage method. It offers huge amounts of storage and can be configured depending on the user"s needs. JBOD is the opposite of partitioning, where individual drives are segmented into smaller volumes, as JBOD combines drives into larger unit volumes.

In a JBOD storage architecture, multiple hard drives or solid-state drives (SSDs) are placed together in a single housing. Data is written to lớn a JBOD configuration in a sequential way, avoiding the more complex steps involved in writing data seen in redundant array of independent disks (RAID) systems.

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This is an example of disks in an array to form a JBOD configuration.

How is JBOD used?

JBOD configurations have multiple individual disks presented to lớn a vps with no amalgamation, pooling or structure applied. JBOD is used in storage scenarios such as when:

Data needs lớn be archived. Video clip surveillance storage is required. Tape drives need to be replaced. Media storage is needed. Short-term storage is needed before data is optimized for long-term archival storage. Large amounts of data in the terabyte to lớn petabyte range need to lớn be stored. Data needs khổng lồ be written to storage quickly.

What are the benefits of JBOD?

Benefits of JBOD include the following:

Avoids waste by combining odd-sized drives without loss of capacity. It is cost-effective. Provides independent storage scaling. Reduces the clutter of multiple external drives. Offers quick read & write speeds. Storage can be easily added to lớn the system. Integrates with existing or new servers. Supports high availability.

What are the drawbacks of JBOD?

JBOD does come with some drawbacks, however, including:

Even though the sequential read và write speeds are quick, RAID tends lớn perform better comparatively.

JBOD vs. RAID

RAID is a way of storing the same data in different places on multiple hard disks or solid-state drives in order to lớn protect data in the case of a drive failure. There are different RAID levels but not all provide redundancy.

RAID và JBOD are both storage technologies; however, they each use different methods lớn store data for different use cases.

Rather than configuring a storage array to use a RAID level, the disks in a JBOD array are either spanned or treated as independent disks. Spanning configurations uses a technique called concatenation khổng lồ combine the capacity of all of the disks into a single, large logical disk.

Although some RAID levels also concatenate disks, numbered RAID levels generally use striping, mirroring or a combination of the two.

The collection of disks in JBOD should not be phối up to act as a RAID configuration. RAID arrays write data across multiple disks for the purpose of storing data redundantly or to lớn stripe data across multiple disks to lớn get better performance than one disk could provide on its own. Typically, a RAID array appears to the operating system as a single disk.

Choosing a configuration

RAID should be used if additional speed and protection from disk failure are needed. The redundancy of saving the same data on multiple drives provides a quick way lớn restore data if that data is lost.

JBOD, however, should be used when a lot of local storage is needed. By comparison, RAID does not allow for as much storage, because a lot of space is used for redundancy. RAID 0 is the only RAID type that does not sacrifice storage capacity, but users cannot remove disk drives in RAID 0 without also losing the data on the drive. JBOD is also fast with its read & write speeds, especially when using non-volatile memory express SSDs.

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Learn more about RAID & potential RAID alternative storage options in this article.


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