**Tien Len** can be considered the national thẻ game of Vietnam; the name of the game, which should properly be spelled **Tiến Lên**, means *Go Forward*. The main mô tả tìm kiếm on this page is based on information from Jomãng cầu Baily; Kenneth Lu and Justus Pang have sầu contributed slightly different versions. Probably as a result of the Vietphái nam war, Tien Len has spread lớn some parts of the USA, where it is sometimes called **Viet Cong** or just **VC**; Kelly Aman has contributed one version of this. Chris Hovanic learned another version from Chris Molinaro (also in the USA) and they Call it **Thirteen**.

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Tien Len is a climbing game (a bit lượt thích Zheng Shangyou or President), in which the alặng is lớn get rid of your cards as soon as possible by beating combinations of cards played by the other players.

## Players & Cards

The game is for four players. A standard 52 thẻ dechồng is used; there are no Jokers và no wild cards. It is possible for two or three to lớn play. It can also be played by more than four players, using two 52 thẻ packs shuffled together.

The game is normally dealternative text & played clockwise, but can be played anticlockwise instead if the players agree in advance lớn vì so.

The ranking of the cards is: **Two** (highest)**, Ace, King, Queen, Jaông chồng, Ten, Nine, Eight, Seven, Six, Five, Four, Three** (lowest).

Within each rank there is also an order of suits: **Hearts** (highest)**, Diamonds, Clubs, Spades** (lowest).

So the 3 of Spades is the lowest card in the pack, và the 2 of Hearts is the highest. Rank is more important than suit, so for example the **8** beats the **7**.

## The Deal

For the first game, the dealer is chosen at random; subsequently the loser of each game has lớn khuyễn mãi giảm giá the next. When there are four players, 13 cards are dealt to each player.

If there are fewer than four players, 13 cards are still dealt lớn each player, & there will be some cards left undealternative text - these are not used in the game. An alternative with three players is, by prior agreement, lớn deal 17 cards each. When there are only two players, only 13 cards each should be dealternative text - if all the cards were dealternative text the players would be able to work out each other"s hands, which would spoil the game. When there are more than four players, you can agree in advance either to lớn khuyễn mãi giảm giá 13 cards each from the double deck, or giảm giá as many cards as possible equally lớn the players.

## The Play

In the first game only, the player with the 3 of Spades begins play. If no one has the **3** (in the three or two player game) whoever holds the lowest card begins. The player must begin by playing this lowest card, either on its own or as part of a combination.

In subsequent games, the winner of the previous game plays first, & can start with any combination.

Each player in turn must now either beat the previously played card or combination, by playing a card or combination that beats it, or pass & not play any cards. The played card(s) are placed in a heap face up in the centre of the table. The play goes around the table as many times as necessary until someone plays a card or combination that no one else beats. When this happens, all the played cards are mix aside, & the person whose play was unbeaten starts again by playing any legal thẻ or combination face up to lớn the centre of the table.

If you pass you are locked out of the play until someone makes a play that no one beats. Only when the cards are mix aside and a new card or combination is led are you entitled to lớn play again. **Example** (with three players): the player khổng lồ your right plays a single three, you hold an ace but decide lớn pass, the player to lớn your left plays a nine & the player to lớn right plays a king. You cannot now beat the king with your ace, because you have sầu already passed. If the third player passes too, and your right hand opponent now leads a queen, you can now play your ace if you want to.

The legal plays in the game are as follows:

**Single card**The lowest single card is the

**3**and the highest is the

**2**.

**Pair**Two cards of the same rank - such as

**7-7**or

**Q-Q**.

**Triple**Three cards of the same rank - such as

**5-5-5**

**Four of a kind**Four cards of the same rank - such as

**9-9-9-9**.

**Sequence**Three or more cards of consecutive rank (the suits can be mixed) - such as 4-5-6 or

**J-Q-K-A-2**. Sequences cannot "turn the corner" between two và three -

**A-2-3**is not a valid sequence because 2 is high và 3 is low.

**Double Sequence**Three or more pairs of consecutive rank - such as

**3-3-4-4-5-5**or

**6-6-7-7-8-8-9-9**.

In general, a combination can only be beaten by a higher combination of the same type & same number of cards. So if a single card is led, only single cards can be played; if a pair is led only pairs can be played; a three card sequence can only be beaten by a higher three thẻ sequence; và so on. You cannot for example beat a pair with a triple, or a four thẻ sequence with a five card sequence.

There are just four exceptions khổng lồ the rule that a combination can only be beaten by a combination of the same type:

cảnh báo that these exceptions **only** apply to lớn beating twos, **not other cards**. For example, if someone plays an ace you cannot beat it with your four of a kind, but if the ace has been beaten by a two, then your four of a kind can be used to beat the two.

## End of the Play and Payments

As players run out of cards they drop out of the play. If the player whose turn it is to play has no cards left, the turn passes khổng lồ the next player in rotation. The play ends when only one player has cards left. That player is the loser, & must pay a fixed stake to lớn each of the other players.

This game is often played for money, và sometimes for high stakes. Amuốn serious players, typically the loser of a game would have sầu to pay $2000 to lớn each of the others. In a session of play, a person might easily thua (or win) a total of $50000 or more.

## Customs và Ethics

Some types of behaviour which in many other thẻ games would be regarded as cheating are generally considered acceptable in Tien Len. For example ahy vọng some players it OK khổng lồ peek at other players" cards, or khổng lồ play out of turn if you can get away with it.

## Variations

In the version contributed by Justus Pang:

In the first deal, the holder of the**3**may pass rather than playing that thẻ. This could be advantageous if the

**3**is part of a bomb.Twos cannot be used in sequences - they may run only from 3 up lớn ace.A bomb may be played by a player who has previously passed.When all but one players have passed, the person who played the last unbeaten combination can continue khổng lồ play successively higher combinations of the same type. This is known as "stacking". Since the other players have passed, they are not allowed to lớn beat the stacked combinations unless able to lớn play a bomb.

The version of Tien Len contributed by Kenneth Lu has the following differences:

If there are only three players, 17 cards are dealt lớn each; the person who starts the play takes the final card. For the first giảm giá this is the person who has the**3**(or the

**3**if the

**3**was the undealt card). If there are only two players they are just dealternative text 17 cards each.Although in the first game the holder of the

**3**leads, the lead does not have lớn include the

**3**. The first player may lead anything.The exceptional cases of combinations beating other types of combination are somewhat different:A four of a kind can beat any single card or pair.A sequence of three pairs can beat a single two (but not any other single card).A sequence of four (or more) pairs has no special power.As soon as someone runs out of cards the play ends và the other players pay the winner one stake for each card they have left in their hands at this time.

The rules of **Viet Cong** (**VC**) as reported by Kelly Aman have sầu the following features:

**3**must begin with a combination that includes that card. Twos cannot be included in single sequences (straights). Straights run from three up to lớn ace only.The special combinations that beat twos are called

**slams**. The rules for these are:A sequence of

**three**consecutive sầu pairs or a four of a kind can beat a

**single**two (but not any other single card).A sequence of

**five**consecutive pairs or

**two**consecutive fours of a kind can beat a

**pair**of twos (but not any other pair).A sequence of

**seven**consecutive sầu pairs or

**three**consecutive sầu fours of a kind can beat

**three**twos (but not any other triple).As in other versions, a slam can be beaten by a higher slam of the same type.Some people play the game with

**trading**. After the cards are dealt, but before the first lead, any player can trade one or more cards with another player for an equal number of cards. Trading only takes place by mutual agreement; if the two players cannot agree on the cards to trade, the trade does not take place. If you play with trading, four twos vì chưng not automatically win the game.

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## Other Tien Len website sites & software

Vinagames offers a Java on line Tien Len game.